Groundwater recharge mainly becomes the issue of presentation in the concluded 9th Nat’l Groundwater Symposium
21 March, 2018
The regular annual event, the 9th National Groundwater Symposium on ‘Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Groundwater Resources Management in Nepal’ was held in Radisson Hotel, Kathmandu on 20th March 2018.
In the opening session, Dr. Rabin Malla, Executive Director of CREEW on behalf of the organizers and associated partners welcomed the invited guests, and wide range of participants from universities, government, research institutes, water related companies and explained the objective of the symposium.
Chief Guest Dr. Ramesh Pd. Singh, Secretary, Water and Energy Commission Secretariat (WECS) and Chair of Nepal National Water and Weather Week 2018 (NNWWW 2018) inaugurated the event. In this remark he pointed out the need to continue research and study on water resource in relation to its adequacy for increasing urban centers in mid-hills and plains of Nepal. Other guests briefly put their remark. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Moti Lal Rijal, Central Dept. of Geology and Member at the President Chure – Terai Madhesh Conservation Development Board, Govt. of Nepal, emphasized on figuring out the recharge zones and sustainable conservation of the drying water sources. Er. Mahendra B. Gurung, Chief Executive Officer, Pancheshwor Development Authority stated that easy accessibility of the resource is the opportunity while sustainable management is the key challenge of groundwater use.
Prof. Dr. Narendra Man Shakya from Institute of Engineering (IoE), Tribhuvan University (TU) in the opening session delivered a keynote presentation on ‘Deep and shallow groundwater potential within Kathmandu Valley’. He introduced new technique using the 3-D groundwater movement governing equations which estimates the recharge quantity and rate more precisely.
Er. Madhav Belbase, Joint Secretary, WECS and Vice-Chair of NNWWW 2018 in his remark as session chair discussed relevancy of nature for groundwater sustainability as per the UN World Water Day theme, ‘Nature for Water’. He pointed out opportunities and challenges of sustainable groundwater resource management by taking example of irrigation in Nepal; and he closed the opening the session. Mr. Arun Bhattarai, Program Coordinator, Small Earth Nepal (SEN) expressed vote of thanks.
Er. Padma Sundar Joshi, Habitat Manager from UN Habitat, in the beginning of the technical sessions delivered a plenary presentation on ‘Traditional ponds of Kathmandu Valley: concepts, technology and present context’. He emphasized that science behind traditional ponds even in those days are in fact more relevant today, as pressure on groundwater resource in Kathmandu Valley and Terai of Nepal have increased, as it contributes significantly to replenish the groundwater reserve.
The 2 technical sessions included 6 presentations relating to household water security under pre and post Melamchi Water Supply Project case in Kathmandu Valley, assessment of the variation in citizen scientists’ based monthly groundwater level observation, shallow aquifer potential mapping in the foot-hills of Chure, groundwater recharge through rainwater harvesting as case study, hydrogeological mapping of in various parts of Kathmandu for groundwater recharge and resource assessment, and hydrogeological study of springs for potential recharge zones in sub-watershed. And 5 poster presentations were also made.
The event was jointly organized by Center of Research for Environment Energy and Water (CREEW), Small Earth Nepal (SEN), Environment and Public Health Organization (ENPHO), Kathmandu Valley Water Supply Management Board (KVWSMB) and Groundwater Resources Development Board (GWRDB) as one of the event of the NNWWW 2018, to mark the UN World Water Day 2018.
Finally, Dr. Rabin Malla, Executive Director of CREEW concluded the symposium thanking all the guests, participants and presenters. He enthusiastically expressed hope to hold the next symposium in a more grand manner with continuous support from all the stakeholders and participants. In total, 77 participants attended the symposium.